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Antiobiotics Commonly Used in Livestock Production PDF Print E-mail

Antiobiotics Commonly Used in Livestock Production

Not all drugs are approved for use in sheep and goats.  The mention of non-approved products is for informational purposes only. They require extra label use and can only be used legally under the advice of a licensed veterinarian in the context of a veterinary-client-patient relationship.

Trade Name Drug Ingredient Availability Approved Species Labeled Use Labeled Dosage Withdrawal Time
Ampicillin Ampicillin Trihydrate prescription Cattle Respiratory tract infection. 2-5 mg/lb IM daily for a maximum of 7 days Cattle: 6 days slaughter
Milk: 48 hours

Aureomycin® 50

Chlortetracycline OTC Beef
Non-lactating dairy cattle
Swine
Sheep
Poultry

Increased rate of weight gain and improved feed efficiency.
For reducing the incidence of (vibrionic) abortion caused by Campylobacter fetus infection susceptible to chlortetracycline.

20-50 g/ton (growing lambs)

80 mg/head/day in feed (breeding)

Sheep: 0 days slaughter
Aureomycin® 4G Crumbles
type C medicated feed
Chlortetracycline OTC Beef
Non-lactating dairy cattle
Swine
Sheep
Poultry

Increased rate of weight gain and improved feed efficiency

For reducing the incidence of (vibrionic) abortion caused by Campylobacter fetus infection susceptible to chlortetracycline.

Mix in feed or top dress.

250 mg per day

Sheep: 0 days slaughter
Baytril® Enrofloxacin
prescription

Cattle
(not veal)

Treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Pasteurella haemolytica, P. multocida, and Haemophilus somnus.
Single dose therapy: 7.5 to 12.5 per kg; multi-day therapy 2.5 to 5.0 mg/kg SQ for 3 to 5 days Cattle: 28 days
Biosol® Liquid Neomycin Sulfate OTC

Cattle
Swine
Sheep
Goats

Treatment and control of colibacillosis (bacterial enteritis) caused by E. coli susceptible to neomycin 10 mg/day in divided doses for a maximum of 14 days
Administer undiluted or in drinking water
Sheep: 2 days slaughter
Goats: 3 days slaughter
Cefa-Dry®
Tomorrow® Intramammary Infusion
Cephapirin Benzathine OTC Dry cows Mastitis caused by susceptible strains of Streptococcus agalactiae and Staphylococcus aureus. 10 ml tube/infected quarter Cattle: 42 days slaughter
Milk: 72 hours after calving
Cefa-Lak®
Today® Intramammary Infusion
Cephapirin Sodium OTC Lactating cattle Mastitis caused by susceptible strains of Streptococcus agalactiae and Staphylococcus aureus. 10 ml tube/infected quarter
Cattle: 4 days slaughter
Milk: 96 hours
Excenel® Ceftiofur Hydrochloride prescription Cattle (not veal)
Swine
foot rot, bovine respiratory disease, bovine acutre metritis, swine bacterial respiratory disease cattle: 1.1-2.2 mg/kg IM or SQ every 24 hrs for 3-5 consecutive days; swine: 3 to 5 mg/kg IM every 24 hours for 3 consecutive days

Cattle: 2 days slaughter
Swine: 4 days slaughter

Gentocin® (Garacin) Pig Pump Oral Solution Gentamicin Sulfate OTC Neonate or suckling pigs In neonatal swine 1 to 3 days of age for control and treatment of colibacillosis caused by strains of E. coli sensitive to gentamicin one full pump/pig orally
(5 mg gentamicin/pig)
Pigs: 14 days slaughter
Liquamycin®
LA-200®
Oxytetracycline OTC Cattle
Swine
Pneumonia, shipping fever complex, foot rot, bacteria enteritis, wound infections, acute metritis, and pinkeye 3-5 mg oxytetracycline/lb
IV, IM, SQ up to a max. of 4 days
9 mg/lb as a single dose (IM)

Cattle: 28 days slaughter
Milk: 96 hours
Swine: 28 days slaughter

Micotil® 300 Tilmicosin Phosphate OTC Beef
Sheep
For the treatment of ovine respiratory disease (ORD) associated with Mannheimia (P.) haemolytica. 10 mg/kg SQ
Single injection
Cattle: 28 days
Sheep: 28 days
Naxcel® Sterile Powder Ceftiofur Sodium prescription Cattle
Sheep
Swine
Horse
Poultry
Sheep respiratory disease (pneumonia) associated with Pasteurella haemolytica and/or P. multocida 1.1-2.2 mg/kg IM
repeat at 24 hr intervals for 3-5 days
Sheep: 0 days slaughter
Milk: 0 days
Neomycin Soluble Powder Neomycin Sulfate OTC Cattle
Swine
Sheep
Goats
Turkey
Treatment and control of colibacillosis (bacterial enteritis) caused by Escherichia coli susceptible to neomycin sulfate in cattle 10 mg/lb/day for 14 days
Add to drinking water or milk
Sheep: 2 days slaughter
Goats: 3 days slaughter
Nolvasan® Cap-Tabs® Chlorhexidine Hydrochloride OTC Cattle, cows
Horses, mares
For prevention or treatment of metritis and vaginitis in cows when caused by pathogens sensitive to chlorhexidine dihydrochloride Place 1 or 2 tablets deep in each uterine horn; or infuse a solution of 1 tablet dissolved in an appropriate amount of clean boiled water
Repeat 48-72 hours
n/a
Nuflor® Injectable Solution Florfenicol prescription Cattle Bovine respiratory disease and foot rot 20 mg/kg IM
2nd dose - 48 hrs later
Cattle: 28 days (IM injection)
Cattle: 38 days (SQ injection)
Oxy-Tet 100 oxytetracycline HCl OTC Cattle
Swine
Pneumonia and shipping fever, severe foot rot, e.coli scours, wound infections, acute metritis. 3-5 ml/100 lbs. Cattle: 18 days
Swine: 26 days
Pen BP-48
Long-acting Penicillin
Penicillin G Benzathine; Penicillin G Procaine OTC Cattle Shipping fever, upper respiratory infections and blackleg 2 ml/150 lbs. SQ
Repeat in 48 hrs. Limit treatment to two doses
Cattle: 30 days slaughter
Pro-Pen G Penicillin G Procaine OTC Cattle
Horse
Sheep
Swine
Treatment of sheep for bacterial pneumonia (shipping fever) caused by Pasteurella multocida. 1 ml/100 lb (3000 IU/lb)/lb IM daily for a maximum of 7 days Milk: 48 hours
Sheep: 8 days slaughter
Spectam™ Scour-Halt Spectinomycin OTC Swine Effective in the reducing scours caused by E-Coli 50 mg/10 lbs. twice daily for 3-5 days Swine: 21 days
Sulmet® Oblets Sulfamethazine OTC Cattle
Horse
Treatment of bacterial pneumonia and shipping fever, bacterial scours, foot rot, calf diptheria, acute mastitis, acute metritis, and coccidiosis 100 mg/lb first day
50 mg/lb following days
Cattle: 10 days
Terramycin® Oxytetracycline Hydrochloride OTC

Cattle
Swine
Sheep
Poultry
Fish

For increase rate of weight gain and improved feed efficiency

For treatment of bacterial enteritis caused by E. coli and bacterial pneumonia caused by P. multocida susceptible to oxytetracycline

10-20 g/ton feed

10 mg/lb. weight for 7-10 days

Sheep: 5 days slaughter (10 mg)
Terramycin® Ophthalmic Ointment Oxytetracycline Hydrochloride; Polymyxin B Sulfate OTC

Cattle
Horse
Sheep

Ocular infections due to streptococci, rickettsiae, E. coli, and A. aerogenes (such as conjunctivitis, keratitis, pinkeye, corneal ulcer, and blepharitis) and ocular infections due to bacterial inflammatory conditions which may occur secondary to other diseases in sheep Administer topically to eye two to four times daily n/a
Terramycin® Scour Tablets Oxytetracycline Hydrochloride OTC Cattle Bacterial enteritis caused by Salmonella typhimurium and E. coli (colibacillosis) and bacterial pneumonia (shipping fever complex, pasteurellosis) caused by P. multocida. 250 mg/100 lbs. every 12 hrs. Cattle: 7 days slaughter
Tylan® Injection 50 mg; Tylan® Injection 200 mg Tylosin OTC Beef
Non-lactating dairy
Swine
Bovine respiratory complex, foot rot, and metritis 8 mg/lb IM daily for a maximum of 5 days Cattle: 21 days slaughter
Swine: 28 days slaughter


Source:  Product labels and FDA Approved Animal Drug Products Online Database System @ http://dil.vetmed.vt.edu

Last Updated 29-Aug-2006 by Susan Schoenian.

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